Teach handwriting Teach handwriting Teach Handwriting Tell me and I’ll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I’ll understand Education for Children

Chinese proverb

All rights reserved. © Copyright Teach Children Ltd  |  Sitemap |  Contact Us |  Disclaimer | About Us | Facebook | Twitter

Contact Us About Us
Blog

Handwriting and the National Curriculum - Wales

Foundation Phase – Reception, Year 1 & 2 (4 to 7 years old)

Reception

Curriculum for Wales: Foundation Phase Framework: Language, Literacy and Communication Skills


Strand: Writing

Children are able to (areas associated with handwriting):

Foundation Phase Skills Ladders for Assessment

Age range 48 months to 60 months (4 to 5 year olds)


Outcome 3: Handwriting

Children able to: recognise the alphabetic nature of writing and write letters and simple words and phrases, writing from left to right.

Children may be observed: discriminating between letters, applying their phonic knowledge to write letters and simple words/phrases, e.g. from the environment or high-frequency words. They will consistently write from left to right when producing pieces of emergent writing.

Outcome 3: Holding a mark-making implement

Children able to: hold a crayon/pencil using two or three fingers and thumb.

Children may be observed: holding a crayon/pencil using their thumb and two or three fingers, they sometimes revert to earlier grips but do not yet show a dynamic grip. Some grips which fit this description are inefficient and should be discouraged (examples give on p87).

Outcome 3: Fine manipulation

Children able to: string beads onto a lace and are able to manipulate and lock together appropriate resources.

Children may be observed: locking together jigsaw puzzles and construction materials; fluently threading a few large beads onto a hard tipped string; making a dough model with some attempts at detail; tapping a touchscreen, using a computer mouse, doing up front zips and large buttons.


Year 1

Curriculum for Wales: Foundation Phase Framework: Language, Literacy and Communication Skills:

Strand: Writing

Children are able to (areas associated with handwriting):

Foundation Phase Skills Ladders for Assessment

Age range 60 months to 72 months (5 to 6 year olds)


Outcome 4 – Handwriting

Children are able to: write words, phrases and letters, forming upper- and lower-case letters, which are usually clearly shaped and correctly orientated.

Children may be observed: forming single upper- and lower-case letters which are clearly and correctly formed. Letters may not show correct sizing between upper- and lower-case letters, but will mostly follow a ‘baseline’ and be correctly orientated.

Outcome 4 – Holding a mark-making implement

Children will be able to: sometimes hold a pen/pencil with a dynamic (mature) grip.

Children may be observed: with their thumb and two or three fingers making contact with the pencil/pen. The pencil/pen may be held further from the point than is usual for an adult’s writing hold.

Outcome 4 – Fine manipulation

Children will be able to: tie a knot, construct models using kits and have good control over creative materials and resources.

Children may be observed: using buttons, zips on self and toys without help. Manipulating materials for play at this stage would include tying a knot and building basic models using construction kits. Accessing technology would include some independent use of a mouse and touchscreens.


Year 2

Curriculum for Wales: Foundation Phase Framework: Language, Literacy and Communication Skills:


Strand: Writing

Children are able to (areas associated with handwriting):

Foundation Phase Skills Ladders for Assessment

Age range 72 months to 84 months (6 to 7 year olds)


Outcome 5 – Handwriting

Children will be able to: write words, phrases and letters, forming upper- and lower-case letters accurately, with consistent size and orientation.

Children may be observed: forming letters correctly and with consistent size and orientation the majority of the time. Errors will be infrequent at this stage.

Outcome 5 – Holding a mark-making implement

Children will be able to: often hold a pen/pencil with a dynamic (mature) grip and good control.

Children may be observed: with their thumb and two or three fingers making contact with the pencil/pen, with movement of the writing tool coming from the finger tips. They should usually hold the pencil/pen close to its point.

Outcome 5 - Fine manipulation

Children will be able to: start to use hands and fingers with confidence, control and appropriate pressure to accurately manipulate resources for a range of purposes.

Children may be observed: manipulating materials for play including building increasingly complex models out of construction kits or modelling materials, using a range of materials and tools to make images and artefacts, manipulating equipment for science experiments or independently using a mouse and touchscreen.


‘Curriculum for Wales: Foundation Phase Framework (revised 2015): www.gov.wales; OGL 2015;

Digital ISBN 978 1 4734 4217 7

‘Welsh Government: Foundation Phase Profile Handbook; OGL: September 2017; Digital ISBN 978 1 78859 477 6’


Key Stage 2 – Years 3, 4, 5 & 6 (7 to 11 years old)

Key Stage 2 English Programme of study Strand: Writing – Elements - Writing accurately; Aspects - Grammar Punctuation Spelling Handwriting


Year 3

Learners are able to: produce legible handwriting and present work appropriately joining letters in some words.


Year 4

Learners are able to: produce handwriting which is clear and legible and may be cursive.

Year 5

Learners are able to: produce legible, cursive handwriting with increased fluency.

Year 6

Learners are able to: produce fluent and legible handwriting.

Attainment Targets 3: Writing (Handwriting element only shown here)

Level 1: Letters are usually clearly shaped and correctly orientated.

Level 2: In handwriting, letters are accurately formed and consistent in size.

Level 3: Handwriting is legible and work is appropriately presented.

Level 4: Handwriting is clear and legible and, where appropriate, presentation is adapted according to the task.

Level 5 - Level 8: Work is legible and well presented.

Exceptional Performance: Work is legible and well presented.

‘Curriculum for Wales: Programme of Study for English Key Stages 2–4; 15/07/17 (on-line at learning.gov.wales)’