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Teach Handwriting

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Cursive Bottom Letter Joins

Cursive Bottom to “c” Shaped Letter Joins

Cursive Bottom “e” Letter Joins

Cursive Top “e” Letter Joins

Cursive Top Letter Joins

cursive letters ai joinCursive letters ar joinCursive letters au joinCursive letters aw joinCursive letters ay joinCursive letters ch joinCursive letters ck joinCursive letters er joinCursive letters ew joinCursive letters ff joinCursive letters ir joinCursive letters kn joinCursive letters ll joinCursive letters ph joinCursive letters qu joinCursive letters sh joinCursive letters th joinCursive letters ur joinCursive letters as joinCursive letters ea joinCursive letters ed joinCursive letters igh joinCursive letters ng joinCursive letters squ joinCursive letters ss joinCursive letters ing joinCursive letters ae joinCursive letters be joinCursive letters de joinCursive letters ee joinCursive letters fe joinCursive letters ge joinCursive letters ie joinCursive letters pe joinCursive letters se joinCursive letters ue joinCursive letters xe joinCursive letters ze joinCursive letters be joinCursive letters ere joinCursive letters oe joinCursive letters re joinCursive letters ure joinCursive letters ve joinCursive letters we joinCursive letters xe joinCursive letters bl joinCursive letters br joinCursive letters oa joinCursive letters oh joinCursive letters oi joinCursive letters on joinCursive letters oo joinCursive letters op joinCursive letters or joinCursive letters ou joinCursive letters ov joinCursive letters ow joinCursive letters oy joinCursive letters wh join

How to Join Cursive Letters of the Alphabet

Click on the letter joins below to see how they are formed.

Warm up activities

Capital letters never join lower case letters.

The examples given below show letter combinations often taught in key stage 1 and 2 phonics and spelling.


All four types of joins need to be taught for a fluid handwriting style. Teaching the join types in thier groups helps a child to understand the directional push and pulls required to successfully join the different letter combinations.

The joins section of the pre-handwriting patterns has been designed to help children develop these individual joining stokes.

Most children will find the bottom joins the easiest to achieve, as it only requires the extension of the exit stroke they already put on the letters. The bottom to “c” shape joins can be tricky at first but soon mastered. The joins that tend to cause the most confusion and difficulty are the “e” joiners and top exit joiners.

A Join Table for a cursive font style shows the joins required to connect all the handwriting letter combinations of the alphabet.

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